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New Mexico State University

Citation Examples proper citations from sample papers, and how they refer to the bibliography

To see specific citation styles (MLA, APA, etc.), please see the "How to Cite" page.

Example 1

Original text: "While most consumers could easily identify the difference between TV's regular programming and infomercials, or newspapers' or magazines' reported stories and their advertorials, only a little more than a third of search engine users are aware of the analogous sets of content commonly presented by search engines, the paid or sponsored results and the unpaid or 'organic' results."(ftnt.1)

Citation: 1. Deborah Fallows, "Search Engine Users: Internet Searchers Are Confident, Satisfied and Trusting -- but They Are Also Unaware and Naive," (Pew Internet & American Life Project), January 23, 2005, p. 3. Available online at

*note: You can put this in your own words ("lots of people don't know that search engines include advertising in their results"). But there is no way you could discover this information on your own. So no matter how you say it, you will have to cite the source.

Example 2

Passage from a sample paper: John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid criticize the belief in "endism," the idea that a new technology will replace the old one. They point out that the departure of the pencil "…was predicted in 1938 by the New York Times in the face of ever more sophisticated typewriters…." John Seely Brown and Paul Duguid, The Social Life of Information, Harvard Business School Press, Boston Massachusetts, 2002, p. 15- 19.

Example 3

Passage from a sample paper: It seems that sometimes an old technology even undergoes a revival. "The Independent of London recently reported that a 700 percent increase in the sale of pencils has been attributed to the sudoku craze. (NYT, May 1, 2006, B1.)"

Example 4

Passage from a sample paper: How long can water be pumped from wells? One 1996 estimate predicted that the Ogalla aquifer, which underlies Las Cruces, would be exhausted in 30 years (Alice Outwater, 1996; p. 94). If this is true, there will be a great need for water-efficient technology.

Outwater, Alice. Water: A Natural History, Basic Books, New York, 1996.

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